“Scaling-out” evidence-based interventions to new populations or new health care delivery systems
Implementing treatments and interventions with demonstrated effectiveness is critical for improving patient health outcomes at a reduced cost. When an evidence-based intervention (EBI) is implemented with fidelity in a setting that is very similar to the setting wherein it was previously found to be effective, it is reasonable to anticipate similar benefits of that EBI. However, one goal of implementation science is to expand the use of EBIs as broadly as is feasible and appropriate in order to foster the greatest public health impact. When implementing an EBI in a novel setting, or targeting novel populations, one must consider whether there is sufficient justification that the EBI would have similar benefits to those found in earlier trials.
G. A. Aarons, M. Sklar, B. Mustanski, N. Benbow and C. H. Brown. (2017). “Scaling-out” evidence-based interventions to new populations or new health care delivery systems. Implementation Science, 12(1), 111.