A Framework for Effective Promotion of a Medicaid Tobacco Cessation Benefit
Tobacco burden is significantly greater among those insured by Medicaid, with a smoking prevalence about twice as high as the national average (28% vs. 15%). Over the past decade, smoking prevalence among those insured by Medicaid has remained relatively unchanged while overall smoking prevalence in the United States and among other insurance groups decreased. This indicates need for targeting tobacco control strategies to those insured by Medicaid. In response, the Vermont Tobacco Control Program (VTCP) set out to implement best practice by making its Medicaid cessation benefit more comprehensive and raising awareness and use of the benefit to support members in quitting. The VTCP collaborated with its Medicaid and health department leadership to implement this initiative, learning and adapting processes along the way. The VTCP identified a framework and considerations for programs implementing best practice to expand access and utilization of cessation supports. Elements of success include collaboration, data sharing, and promotion. As a result, the VTCP created an infrastructure that increases access, awareness, and use of cessation supports among Medicaid members and providers. Between 2013 and 2017, the quit ratio among Vermont Medicaid members increased from 8% to 13% and the smoking rate decreased from 36% to 31%.
Williams, R. K., Brookes, R. L., & Singer, E. R. (2019). A Framework for Effective Promotion of a Medicaid Tobacco Cessation Benefit. Health Promot Pract, 1524839919829452. doi:10.1177/1524839919829452