Addressing Crime, Violence, and Other Determinants of Health through Community-Based Participatory Research and Implementation Science
In this paper, we describe the assessment and planning phase of the Thrive community-based initiative to reduce violence and address other determinants of health in a community in the Southwestern United States. Using community-based participatory research (CBPR) and an implementation science framework, we engaged residents and other key stakeholders as equal partners in the assessment and planning process. The Thrive assessment and planning phase involved collaboration among researchers, residents, law enforcement, nonprofit agencies, public health, local government, and other cross-sector partners. We used implementation science in order to examine the barriers and facilitators to addressing community health and safety, to assess the nature and scope of health and safety issues, to review existing solutions, to assess the acceptability and necessary adaptations of selected interventions, and to assess feasibility and sustainability of the initiative. Through interviews, focus groups, analysis of crime incident data, geomapping, and direct observations, our findings highlighted the presence of an open-air drug market, the high-stress nature of the community, concern for the lack of opportunities for youth, the lack of trust between residents and law enforcement, and a need to address the built environment to promote safety and well-being.
Stalker, K. C., Brown, M. E., Evans, C. B. R., Hibdon, J., & Telep, C. (2020). Addressing Crime, Violence, and Other Determinants of Health through Community-Based Participatory Research and Implementation Science. Am J Community Psychol, 66(3-4), 392-403. doi:10.1002/ajcp.12438