Case study of an adaptation and implementation of a Diabetes Prevention Program for individuals with serious mental illness
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) is an evidence-based lifestyle intervention developed to decrease the risk for type 2 diabetes and promote weight loss in individuals at risk for diabetes. Individuals with serious mental illness have a greater risk for developing diabetes compared with the general population. In this article, the authors provide a detailed description of the adaptation process of the DPP for individuals with serious mental illness (DPP-SMI). The adaptation process was based on a cultural adaptation framework for modifying evidence-based interventions. To assess the effectiveness of the DPP-SMI, 11 individuals from a community mental health residential agency completed a 22-session pilot study of the adapted program and provided physiological measures before and after the intervention. As primary outcomes, participants were expected to report decreased body weight and increased physical activity per week. Completers had an average weight loss of 19 lbs (8%) and their physical activity increased from 161 to 405 min per week. These preliminary results together with participants’ feedback informed further refinement of the DPP-SMI. This case study supports that individuals with serious mental illness can benefit from the DPP-SMI, which is tailored to meet the unique needs of this population group.
M. M. Quinones, J. Lombard-Newell, D. Sharp, V. Way and W. Cross. (2018). Case study of an adaptation and implementation of a Diabetes Prevention Program for individuals with serious mental illness. Transl Behav Med.