Statewide dissemination and implementation of physical activity standards in afterschool programs: two-year results

Jul 03, 2018 | M. W. Beets, R. Glenn Weaver, K. Brazendale, G. Turner-McGrievy, R. P. Saunders, J. B. Moore, C. Webster, M. Khan and A. Beighle

BACKGROUND: In 2015, YMCA afterschool programs (ASPs) across South Carolina, USA pledged to achieve the YMCA physical activity standard calling for all children to accumulate 30 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) while attending their ASPs. This study presents the final two-year outcomes from the dissemination and implementation efforts associated with achieving this MVPA standard.

METHODS: Twenty ASPs were sampled from all South Carolina YMCA-operated ASPs (N = 97) and visited at baseline (2015) and first (2016) and second year (2017) follow-up. All ASPs were provided training to increase MVPA during the program by extending the scheduled time for activity opportunities and modifying commonly played games to increase MVPA. The RE-AIM framework was used to evaluate the statewide intervention. Accelerometer-derived MVPA was the primary outcome. Intent-to-treat (ITT) models were conducted summer 2017. Programs were also classified, based on changes in MVPA from 2015 to 2016 and 2016-2017, into one of three categories: gain, maintain, or lost. Implementation, within the three groups, was evaluated via direct observation and document review.

RESULTS: Adoption during the first year was 45% of staff attending training, with this increasing to 67% of staff during the second year. ITT models indicated no increase in the odds of accumulating 30 min of MVPA after the first year for either boys (odds ratio [OR] 1.06, 95CI 0.86-1.31) or girls (OR 1.14, 95CI 0.87-1.50), whereas an increase in the odds was observed during the second year for boys (OR 1.31, 95CI 1.04-1.64) and girls (OR 1.50 95CI 1.01-1.80). Programs that lost MVPA (avg. – 5 to – 7.5 min/d MVPA) elected to modify their program in a greater number of non-supportive ways (e.g., reduce time for activity opportunities, less time spent outdoors), whereas ASPs that gained MVPA (avg. + 5.5 to + 10.1 min MVPA) elected to modify their program in more supportive ways.

CONCLUSIONS: The statewide study demonstrated minimal improvements in overall MVPA. However, child MVPA was dramatically influenced by ASPs who elected to modify their daily program in more supportive than non-supportive ways, with no one program modifying their program consistently across the multi-year initiative. These findings have important implications for organizations seeking to achieve the MVPA standard.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial Registration: NCT02394717 .

PubMed Abstract

Beets, M. W., Glenn Weaver, R., Brazendale, K., Turner-McGrievy, G., Saunders, R. P., Moore, J. B., . . . Beighle, A. (2018). Statewide dissemination and implementation of physical activity standards in afterschool programs: two-year results. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 819. doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5737-6